The role of umbilical vein blood flow assessment in the prediction of foetal growth: a prospective observational cohort study

Objective. To evaluate the umbilical vein blood flow volume (UV-Q) in SGA fetuses and FGR, and to explore the correla­tion between UV-Q and foetal growth velocity (FGV). Sec­ondly, the capacity of UV-Q and FGV in predicting adverse perinatal outcome (APO) and iatrogenic preterm birth were assessed.
Materials and Methods. 122 women were enrolled (64 SGA and 58 FGR according to Delphi consensus criteria). At the time of diagnosis foetal biometry and Doppler assessment, including absolute UV-Q and normalized for estimated foetal weight (UV-Q/EFW) and abdominal circumference (UV-Q/ AC) were considered. The FGV was calculated from the dif­ference between the EFW calculated in two consecutive so­nographic evaluations. The pregnancies were followed until delivery and maternal-neonatal outcomes were collected.
Results. When compared to SGA and reference ranges, FGR had significantly lower UV-Q, UV-Q/EFW, and UV-Q/AC. The FGV had a positive significant correlation with UV-Q (r = 0.46), UV-Q/AC (r = 0.43), and BW (r = 0.56).
The multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that UV-Q ≤ 0.65 MoM (aOR = 3.5) and FGV ≤ 0.63 MoM (aOR = 3.0) were independently associated with the occurrence of APO; UV-Q ≤ 0.60 MoM (aOR = 5.2) and FGV ≤ 0.63 MoM (aOR = 3.6) were independent predictors of iatrogenic preterm birth. This was true both for SGA and FGR.
Conclusions. The UV-Q might have a potential role in iden­tifying foetuses with FGR and predicting foetal growth at the subsequent biometric evaluation. UV-Q and FGV are inde­pendent predictors of iatrogenic preterm birth and APO in a population of small foetuses, regardless of Delphi consensus criteria. These results encourage future studies on the predic­tive value of this parameter.

Table of Content: Vol. 36 (Supplement No. 1) 2024 – Conference Proceedings

Remember that the download is free only for personal use. If you want to utilize articles for large distribution, please contact us at