Four-vessel umbilical cord with three arteries and one vein: a case report and literature review
Background. Four-vessel umbilical cord (FVUC) is a uncommon embryonic anomaly, characterized by the presence of an umbilical cord with 4 vessels, usually 2 arteries and 2 veins
Case presentation. Here we report a rare case of FVUC with three arteries and one vein.
Conclusions. FVUC is an uncommon condition associated with major malformations and high risk of IUGR. Cases with three arteries and one vein seem to be associated with better outcomes.