First trimester screening program for preterm preeclampsia prediction in an Italian obstetric population and aspirin prophylaxis: our preliminary results

Objective. Our objective was to assess the performance of a combined screening test for preeclampsia in the first trimester and the prophylactic use of low-dose aspirin.
Materials and Methods. Prospective ongoing study of wom­en attending our unit for the first-trimester screening of aneu­ploidies, between November 2022 and October 2023 (n = 975). Multiple pregnancies and foetal abnormalities were excluded. First-trimester combined screening for preterm preeclamp­sia was performed using the Fetal Medicine Foundation al­gorithm, that includes maternal characteristics, biophysical and biochemical biomarkers. High-risk was defined as a risk ≥ 1:150 of preterm preeclampsia (before 37 weeks), in which cases low-dose aspirin (150 mg) was offered to these women from screening until 36 weeks.
Results. From the 975 enrolled participants, the majority were Caucasian (n = 932, 95.6%) and nulliparous (n = 658, 51.7%). 162 patients (16.6%) screened high-risk for preeclampsia, and 95% agreed to start a low-dose aspirin regimen. We analysed obstetric outcomes of the first 300 women enrolled: no cases of early-onset preeclampsia (< 34 weeks) were found; the rate of preterm preeclampsia (< 37 weeks) was 1.6% and total pre­eclampsia was diagnosed in 2.3% of women compared with 0.5% rate of early preeclampsia and 3.2% of total preeclampsia before the implementation of screening.
Conclusions. There was a lower incidence of early, preterm and total preeclampsia, after the introduction of universal screening and prophylactic use of low-dose aspirin. The as­sociation of a first-trimester combined screening model and aspirin prophylaxis appears to be useful in predicting and re­ducing the incidence of preeclampsia, in a routine care setting.

Table of Content: Vol. 36 (Supplement No. 1) 2024 – Conference Proceedings

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